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Background

    How did the name originate?  Surnames were of different categories.  Some took their surname from their trade, as in Smith, Baker or Butcher, others took  the Christian name of their father e.g. Norman or James, or `son of` as in Robinson.  Other surnames were taken from the locality in which a person lived or a geographic description, such as `Churchill`.  Another category was `nicknames` and it was from this category that Jopling and Jobling came.  `Jop` was German for `fool`, in the sense of a `court jester` and `Job` meant `persecuted`.  `Ling` was a term meaning `little one` - in other words `son of`.  Jopling and Jobling were interchangeable.  I have found that the `Jopling` spelling was more often used in County Durham and Jobling in Northumberland.  The earliest reference I have found is to a "Robert Joplyn" who was renting lands in the south of Northumberland & north of County Durham (Newburn & Newlands) in 1499 (see quote below in "Historical Notes"). A Cuthbert Jopling was the Pinder of Dilstone in 1620.  The church records and wills for the Joplings start in the sixteenth century.

There is no doubt that the name was originally found in the north of England and even to-day the Northumberland and Durham telephone directories record far more Joplings and Joblings than any other county.  When records began, the odd Jopling was to be found in London and York.  In the seventeenth century and at later times, some Joplings emigrated to the U.S.A. and there are many there to-day.  The spelling of the name in the U.S. is usually JOPLIN.  Three ladies with the maiden name of Jopling traced their ancestors back to a Ralph Jopling who was born in the UK.  The book, which also contains a great deal of early U.K. information, is published under the title "The Jopling-Joplin Family with Some of their Connections in England and America" (library of Congress # 80-116026).  There is a Joplin website run from the USA.  Joplings are to be found in New Zealand, Australia, South Africa and Canada.  In New Zealand there is a large branch of the Joblin family who originated from the Isle of Wight and about whom a book has been written.

Historical Notes

From "A History of Northumberland" published 1930.  Vol. X111 by Madeleine Hope Dodds.

NEWBURN From 1367 the Manor of Newburn has been the property of the Earls & Dukes of Northumberland.  In 1431 Newburn, with other manors, passed on, on the death of the second Earl of Northumberland,  to his widow the Countess Eleanor.  Her son, the third Earl was attainted in 1461 & in the same year, a considerable part of his lands, including Newburn, were granted for life to Sir Robert Ogle.  When his estates were restored to the Fourth Earl of Northumberland in 1470, Newburn & the other manors formerly held by the Countess Eleanor were not included (Percy Bailiff R- SS Vol XXX1V pp 119-20), but they had been recovered when John Cartington drew up his rental in 1499/1500 (Syon House MSS A 11 3a).  Robert Joplyn was one of the tenants at will.

In 1684 Lawrence Jopling, Cuthbert Hudsepeth, Ralph Hudsepeth and others were fined for not repairing Linnell Bridge.

 

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